BLOWITZ, HENRI GEORGES STEPHANE ADOLPHE OPPER DE (1825–1903), French journalist. As chief Paris correspondent of The Times, London, in 1875, he originated the technique of interviewing celebrities (among them Bismarck, the sultan of Turkey, and Pope Leo XIII). In 1875 Blowitz, by now influential in European political circles, exposed plans of the military party in Germany for a second invasion of France. Three years later, he obtained the full text of the Berlin Treaty while it was still being negotiated, enabling The Times to print it the day it was signed. Blowitz was born Adolf Opper in Bohemia, but in 1860 added the name of his birthplace to his surname. He left home at 15, traveled, learned several languages, and taught for some years at the lycée in Tours and then in Marseilles. He wrote for the Paris newspapers and though sometimes in conflict with the French authorities, became naturalized after the Battle of Sedan. At the close of the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), he helped to suppress the Commune at Marseilles by maintaining a private telegraph line to Versailles. Blowitz showed an excessive desire to remain detached from the Dreyfus Affair. He wrote short stories, comedies and My Memoirs (1903). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Giles, Prince of Journalists (1962), incl. bibl.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Henri Blowitz — Blowitz by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in Vanity Fair magazine dated 7 December 1889 Henri Georges Stephane Adolphe Opper de Blowitz (28 December 1825 18 January 1903) was a Bohemian journalist. He was born to a family of Jewish ancestry at Blovice… …   Wikipedia

  • Henri Opper de Blowitz — Opper de Blowitz in der Vanity fair vom 7. Dezember 1889 Henri Georges Stephane Adolphe Opper de Blowitz (* 28. Dezember 1825 in Blowitz; † 18. Januar 1903 in Paris) war ein französischer Journalist. Blowitz wurde im damals österreichischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • JOURNALISM — Jews have played a major role in journalism since the early years of the profession. Publishers, editors, columnists, and reporters contributed to the development of political analysis, mass circulation techniques, methods of worldwide news… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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